Under “scientific skepticism”, Wikipedia says, “extraordinary claims would require extraordinary evidence”. So the question is, how extraordinary are Rossi’s claims?
A year ago, when Rossi introduced his technology to the world, it seemed that he was the only person ever to produce excess heat from nickel — well, except maybe that Piantelli guy who somehow remained in obscurity.
Rossi’s claim seemed to be of a new science, a science that was recognized as “pathological” by Wikipedia. (They’ll never live that one down with me, even when they get around to acknowledging the LENR reality.)
This truly is an extraordinary claim! This kind of claim calls for the most extraordinary of evidence. Rossi provided some rather good evidence, some startlingly good evidence. He allowed real scientists to poke and prod at his machine. He allowed Dr. Levi to rewire its entire heat capture system. He allowed NyTeknic to come down twice to test every one of the “hoax” theories that had been suggested to them.
But extraordinary claims call for extraordinary evidence. This didn’t seem to be good enough for most. Surely he should allow somebody to independently test it — that’d do. (Despite the fact that history proved that hundreds of LENR papers had already been published, and Wikipedia continued to declare that LENR was “pathological science”.)
Next we began to discover that others, many others, notorious others had also achieved excess heat from Nickel + Hydrogen. The list of replicators became 12 then 14 and 16 names long. Some of these names were stellar. It became clear that there were dozens of published peer reviewed papers discussing these successes.
Rossi’s claims became MUCH LESS extraordinary. Now his claim seemed to be that he had produced a stable reaction that produced harvestable amounts of heat (COP > 3). The difference in extraordinariness of these two claims seems to be missed on most. “I have a new science, one that was discredited already” is VASTLY more extraordinary than “I have optimized a known science”.
But now Rossi’s claims have become even MUCH LESS extraordinary yet. Now Defkalion claims to have a similar COP (> 30). And JET Energy has demonstrated their system, showing a COP > 10. They did their demo at MIT no less! So there are now three who not only claim LENR, but who claim harvestable heat from LENR. Rossi’s claim merely becomes that he was the first, not that he is the only.
This isn’t a very extraordinary claim, folks! If extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence, then unextraordinary claims should require unextraordianry evidence. Its time to believe that Rossi really has what he says he has, even if he hasn’t yet produced the holy grail of extraordinary evidence, and even if he has proven to be a typical exaggerating entrepreneur.